Interviewee Profile

Name: Chonphel
(Alias: No)

Gender: Male

Interview Age: 82

Date of Birth: 1925

Birthplace: Shondang, Utsang, Tibet

Year Left Tibet: 1967

Profession: Nomad, Farming

Monk/Nun: No

Political Prisoner: Yes

Interview Details

Interview No.: 85

Date: 2007-06-27

Language: Tibetan

Location: Lugsung Samdupling Settlement, Bylakuppe, Karnataka, India

Categories: Oppression and Imprisonment

Keywords: escape experiences, forced labor, imprisonment, refugee in India -- life as, Chinese -- oppression under, taxes, thamzing/struggle sessions, Utsang, tenant farmers

Summary:

Born in Gyangtse to a family of telpa 'tax payers,' Chonphel's father was a genpo 'village leader.' His family was shung-wok, meaning they were tenants on government-owned land. Chonphel explains the various categories of tenants in Tibet depending on who owned the land: the monasteries, the government or private property owners. He also describes the ma-tel 'butter tax,' sha-tel 'meat tax' and wool tax, and how the taxes were paid to the correct authorities.

Chonphel was the first person from his village to be arrested by the Chinese under false accusations. Relating his miserable prison days, he describes the difficult labor of plowing fields and constructing buildings, while given very little food. Prisoners resorted to eating rats from the fields and leather. He suffered in this way for seven years.

After releasing Chonphel from prison, the Chinese sent him back to his village, where he was subjected to thamzing 'struggle sessions' because he had been a genpo. He worked as a laborer and married again because his first wife remarried while he was in prison. A year later he and his second wife fled to India.

Interview Team:

  • Marcella Adamski (Interviewer)
  • Tenzin Yangchen (Interpreter)
  • Jeff Lodas (Videographer)
Interview Video

Link: Watch On Youtube

Topic: Interview with Chonphel on 6/27/2007

Length: 01:04:44